The Five States of Matter

How many of you know States of matters is not three but they are five?

There are five states of matter in which three are very-well known to majority of us; Solids, Liquids and Gases. There is one more natural State of matter that is Plasma which occurs or most abundant at Stars. The fifth state of matter is man-made and it is know as Bose-Einstein Condensates. Now lets have a brief study of these five states of matter.

States of Matter 5 States of Matter ?. States or Phases There are ...

Bose-Einstein Condensate:


Bose-Einstein Condensate Made at Room Temperature for First Time ...
  • Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) was created by scientists in 1995.
  • Using a combination of lasers and magnets, cooled a sample rubidium to within a few degrees of absolute zero.
  • At this extremely low temperture, molecular motion almost comes to stops.
  • Since, there is no kinetic energy being transferred from one atom to another, atoms begin to clump together.
  • They are no longer thousands of separate atoms, just one "super atom."
  • BEC is used to study Quantum Mechanics on a microscopic level. Light appears to slow down as it passes through BEC, allowing scientists to study the particle/wave paradox.
  • BECs are also used to stimulate conditions that might exist in black holes.
  • Its has the properties of superfluid or a fluid that flows without friction.

Solids:


Solids, Liquids, and Gases

  • Solids have definite Shape, Volume(size) and Mass. 
  • Solids have high density, meaning particles are tightly packed. 
  • In solids, the particles are tightly packed together so they don't move much. 
  • Even though the particles are tightly packed, electrons of each atom are constantly in motion, so the particles have some (negligible) vibrations at room temperature. 
  • Because of this, particles in the solids have very little Kinetic Energy.
  • These are Highly incompressible.

Liquids:

Three States of Matter - Definition, Classification, Videos & Examples

  • Liquids doesn't have fixed Shave, They occupy the shape of the container stored. 
  • The particles in liquids are more loosely packed than in solids. 
  • Most of the liquids have less density compared to that of solids.
  • Liquids have more kinetic energy than solids but very less than gases. 
  • They are also incredibly difficult to Compress.

Gases:

How does gas exerts pressure on its container? | Socratic

  • Gases have indefinite shape, size. 
  • They have less density that of liquids. 
  • In a gas, have a great deal of space between them and have high kinetic energy. 
  • A gas has no definite shape or volume. 
  • If unconfined, the particles of a gas will spread out indefinitely; if confined, the particles of a gas will expand to fill its container. 
  • Gases are highly Compressible.

Plasma:

Plasmas Are Considered A Distinct State Of Matter Because - Plasma ...
  • Plasma state is not a common state of matter on Earth.
  • It is most common state of matter in the universe, according to Jefferson Laboratory.
  • Stars are essentially super-heated balls of plasma.
  • Due to extremely high temperature, atom looses its electrons and forms ions/nuclei. The mixture of electrons and Nuclei is called plasma.
  • Plasma consists of highly charged particles with extremely high kinetic energy.
  • The noble gases are often used to make glowing signs by using electricity to ionize them to plasma state.
I have explained the brief content of the five states of matter. I am going to write some detailed content on each state of matter. Stay updated. Do subscribe (just below the blog name).
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